The Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity

Overweight and obesity  are similar and can be defined as excessive fat that have accumulated in the body abnormally for a long time. And to tell you the truth it is very dangerous to the health. To measure obesity, you have to divide the persons body mass index (BMI), by the square of his or her height (in metres). If your BMI is 30 or more, you then considered to be obese. While a person that have a BMI that is more than 25 is considered to be overweight.
It seems some persons like to be obese or Overweight because they are not ready to do anything about it. The truth is obesity is a major risk factors for a number diseases like stroke, hypertension and even some form of cancer. In this blog post i will be writing on some of this diseases,.
diseases that are related to obesity

Type 2 Diabetes

Apart from family history and other causes, obesity is another major cause of diabetes. It  is a disease in which blood sugar levels are higher above normal. This disease is related to heart disease, like hypertension, kidney disease, stroke and even blindness. Diabetes is a major or leading cause of death in the world. Other causes of type 2 diabetes are lack of activities, poor feeding and excess body weight around the waist.

High Blood Pressure

High Blood pressure is the force at which blood pushes against the walls of the arteries while the heart pumps blood. And obesity and over weight play a major role in the fats build up. If The measurement reads 120 systolic and 80 diastolic, depending on the body weight of the person you would say 120/80 mmHg. And this is normal but if it is higher than this it is called hypertension or high blood pressure. If this pressure rises and it is not control and it stays high for a period of time, it can cause ill health and even damage some vita organs in the body.


Stroke

The risk of you having a stroke is very high if your BMI also increases. As fat build up in your body, it also build up in your arteries and this is called plaque. These plaque can rupture anytime and this can curse a blood clot to form. And if this clot forms close to your brain, blocking the flow of oxygen and blood to the brain then you will have a stroke  Being overweight or obese can lead to a buildup of plaque in your arteries. 

Abnormal Blood Fats

Obesity and over weight are the major causes of blood fats. You are at risk of having abnormal high levels of blood fats if you do not watch and control your weight. These fats include high levels of bad cholesterol also called triglycerides and low levels of HDL also called good cholesterol.
Abnormal levels of these blood fats especially the bad cholesterol are a risk factor for heart diseases. 

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a disorder in which you have pauses in breathing it can also been called  shallow breaths while you sleep.
It happens when you have more fat stored around the neck region. Obesity and over weight can also cause this disease. The store fats around your neck  can narrow the airway, making it difficult for you to breathe while you sleep.

The solution is in change of lifestyle. Watch what you eat and get more active to burn those unwanted calories.



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