Sickle cell anemia

Sickle cell anemia is an inherited disease of the blood. it is a condition in which there isn't enough oxygen for the whole body to use. the reason is that the red blood cells that carry oxygen throughout the body is not enough and some of the red blood cells have also been made sickle by this disease.
the red blood cells are flexible, round and they move easily through the blood vessels. but in sickle cell anemia, the red blood cells is rigid and sticky and are shaped like sickles. and The shaped cells like sickle can get stuck in smaller blood vessels, which can slow or block blood flow and oxygen to vital organs and the entire body.
problems associated with sickle cell anemia. these problems or signs don't appear until an infant is at least 8 months old and may include:
  • Anemia. Sickle cells are fragile. These cells live less than the normal 120 days unlike the normal red blood cells that live over 120 days and they break apart easily and die, leaving the entire body and its vital organs without a good supply of red blood cells. This always results in a shortage of red blood cells (anemia). when the red blood cells in circulation are not enough, your body can't get the oxygen it needs to carry out its daily function and stay energized.
  •  crises. crises are a major symptom of sickle cell anemia. when sickle-shaped red blood cells block blood flow through tiny blood vessels to joints and other organs in the body there will be pains called crises in that part of the body. even in the bones, pains can still come up. The pain can last for a few hours to a few weeks. the intensity also varies. Some people experience only a few episodes of pain may be once in a year or two times in five years. Others experience a dozen or more crises a year.
  • Hand-foot syndrome. Swollen hands or feet are the first signs of sickle cell anemia in infants. The swelling in the hands and feet is caused by sickle-shaped red blood cells blocking blood flow in and out of their hands and feet. these swollen can be treated or taken care of by simple medication.
  • Frequent infections. Sickle cells anemia can easily destroy the spleen due to lack of oxygen and this is an organ that fights infection in the body. the use of antibiotics can prevent life-threatening infections. 
  • Delayed growth. the functions of the Red blood cells is to provide your body with the oxygen and nutrients for growth and other functions. if the supply of red blood cells to the body is not enough, it can slow down the growth in infants and even delay puberty in teenagers.
  • Vision problems. sickle cell anemia can cause vision problems if the tiny blood vessels in the eyes lack oxygen, due to blockage. This can damage the eyes especially that portion of the eye that processes visual image.


treatment for sickle cell anemia
the only known treatment for sickle cell anemia is blood stem cell or bone marrow, transplant. the treatment has been successful in children with the disease. it is a process whereby the bone marrow of the child is completely destroyed using a high dose of chemotherapy and which is then replaced with marrow from a donor who must be close relative.
you can also manage the person with sickle cell anamia successfully and the person will live a normal life free of crises and frequent blood transfusion.
1, the person must stay hydrated. dehydration will affect the flow of blood in the body so getting enough water will help to hydrate the body. and cause the blood to flow well and also help remove all the dead red blood cell in the veins especially the smaller veins. the fluid must be pure water and not soda or other brevages. your body needs 2 to 3 quarts everyday to stay properly hydrated.
2, stay warm, cold cause the veins to constrict this will affect the flow of blood in the body. you must take measures if you stay in an environment that is cold to stay warm.
3, avoid high altitude due to lack of oxygen in these places.  if you have sickle cell disease you must stay away from these places because oxygen is very vita to your been healthy. while flying use an aircraft with pressurized cabins. 
4, exercise, moderate exercise and not intense exercise is recommended and before you start any form of exercise please see your health care provider for guidiance. exercises help improve blood flow in the body and also create alternative pathways if there is a blockage, especially in the capillary.
5, rest, do you know stress can affect your overall health and wellness? it can also affect your immune system and even the flow of blood in your body. rest is very important if you are suffering from sickle cell anaemia.
6, immunization is very important if you do not want to always be on the sick bed. get all the necessary immunization for the children and even for those that are of age.
7, work on your immune system. the following things can help you support your immune system. 500 mg of vitamin c daily, vegetables and fruits free from iron, garlic, eat medicinal mushroom free from iron, get some rays from sunlight, avoid alcohol,  avoid tobacco smoke.
8, folic acids and supplement, folic acids and other vitamins especially vitamin b complex help bone marrow produce new red blood cells and you can get these vitamins by eating plenty of fruits and vegetables or supplementing them. 
9 stay positive and prayerful. you can live with sickle cell anaemia and be crisis free and also live a healthy life if you keep to these facts. and always remember that you are not a stickler but a winner. 


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